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Mar 25, 2020

Lower compensation rates for residential solar PV generation could reduce overall adoption

residential solar photovoltaic capacity
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2020

Electric utilities in some states have recently changed their policies regarding how they compensate electricity generation from solar photovoltaic (PV) systems installed on residential customers’ homes. An Issues in Focus article published as part of the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) Annual Energy Outlook 2020韩国三级电影 (AEO2020) discusses the potential effects of alternative utility rate structures for compensating residential solar PV generation.

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Mar 24, 2020

European natural gas storage inventories are at record-high levels at the end of winter

monthly European natural gas storage inventories
Source: Gas Storage Europe, Aggregated Gas Storage Inventory (AGSI+)

韩国三级电影European natural gas storage inventories as of March 1, 2020, were 60% full—the highest ever recorded level for the start of March, according to Gas Storage Europe’s Aggregated Gas Storage Inventory (AGSI+). European stock levels for both January and February 2020 were the highest ever recorded for those months. Europe’s high levels of natural gas in storage are the result of a mild winter, which limited winter heating demand, and growing natural gas imports by pipeline and as liquefied natural gas (LNG).

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Mar 23, 2020

China’s crude oil imports surpassed 10 million barrels per day in 2019

China's annual average crude oil imports
Source: China General Administration of Customs, based on Bloomberg, L.P.

China’s annual crude oil imports in 2019 increased to an average of 10.1 million barrels per day (b/d), an increase of 0.9 million b/d from the 2018 average. China remains the world’s top crude oil importer, surpassing the United States韩国三级电影 in 2017. China’s new refinery capacity and strategic inventory stockpiling, combined with flat domestic oil production, were the major factors contributing to the increase in China’s crude oil imports in 2019.

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Mar 20, 2020

Most of Hawaii’s electric battery systems are paired with wind or solar power plants

Hawaii operating utility-scale capacity for selected technologies
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Preliminary Monthly Generator Report

韩国三级电影Nearly all of Hawaii’s utility-scale battery storage capacity is installed with onshore wind turbines or solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, allowing excess electricity from those generators to be stored and used later. As of January 2020, about 30% of Hawaii’s total generating capacity is solar or wind. The non-dispatchable nature of these technologies creates operational challenges for system operators. Pairing batteries with wind and solar systems has proven effective in mitigating the operational challenges. Hawaii plans to generate , and given this goal, wind and solar likely will account for a growing part of the state’s energy mix in the future. EIA expects that additional battery installations will support this growth.

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Mar 19, 2020

As total U.S. crude oil imports have fallen, imports from Canada have increased

annual U.S. crude oil imports by country of origin
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Supply Monthly

In 2005, U.S. refineries relied heavily on foreign crude oil, importing a record volume of more than 10.1 million barrels per day (b/d). About 60% of the imported crude oil came from four countries: Canada, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela, and each was responsible for between 12% and 16% of total U.S. crude oil imports that year. By 2019, U.S. crude oil import trading patterns had changed significantly. In total, U.S. crude oil imports have fallen sharply, but imports from Canada have risen steadily to 3.8 million b/d, more than twice the imports from Canada in 2005. U.S. crude oil imports from Canada accounted for 56% of all U.S. crude oil imports in 2019, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) Petroleum Supply Monthly.

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Mar 18, 2020

U.S. coal exports declined in 2019

U.S. annual coal exports
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Coal Report

In 2019, U.S. coal exports declined to 93 million short tons (MMst), a 20% decrease from the previous year, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s Annual Coal Report韩国三级电影. The United States exports metallurgical coal and steam coal, and exports of both decreased in 2019. U.S. steam coal exports were affected by the downturn in global coal demand, dropping 30% in 2019 from 2018. Metallurgical coal had a more moderate decline of 12%.

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Mar 17, 2020

EIA analysis shows how carbon fees would reduce carbon dioxide emissions in the near term

U.S. energy-related co2 emissions
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2020

As part of its most recent Annual Energy Outlook, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) conducted three alternative policy cases韩国三级电影 on how carbon fees affect emissions from fossil fuel consumption. In the short term, even relatively modest carbon fees reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, especially in the electric power sector where natural gas and renewables displace coal. However, once the emissions level associated with coal consumption in the power sector has been achieved, the remaining fossil fuel emissions from natural gas and petroleum consumption are harder to reduce.

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Mar 16, 2020

OPEC shift to maintain market share will cause global inventory increases and lower prices

quarterly world petroleum liquids production and consumption
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Short-Term Energy Outlook, March 2020

Markets for oil, as well as other commodities and equities, have experienced significant volatility and price declines since the final week in February amid concerns over the economic effects of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (). More recently, markets fell after the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and partners failed to reach an agreement to continue crude oil production cuts. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) has focused on several underlying assumptions about OPEC’s posture regarding targeted production output and what effect it may have on global oil balances and prices.

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Mar 13, 2020

EIA projects air-conditioning energy use to grow faster than any other use in buildings

buildings sector delivered energy consumption
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2020
Note: Values for TVs and related equipment and laundry and dishwashing energy consumption are residential sector only; all other categories reflect consumption in both the residential and commercial sectors.

In the Annual Energy Outlook 2020 (AEO2020) Reference case, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) projects that delivered energy for air conditioning will increase more than any other end use in residential and commercial buildings (also known as the buildings sector) through 2050, while energy consumption for space heating will decline. Higher residential and commercial energy consumption for air conditioning and lower energy consumption for space heating resut from projected population shifts from colder to warmer parts of the United States, assumptions of warmer weather, and regional differences in sector growth.

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Mar 12, 2020

U.S. crude oil exports increased to nearly 3 million barrels per day in 2019

annual U.S. crude oil exports
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Petroleum Supply Monthly

U.S. crude oil exports averaged 2.98 million barrels per day (b/d) in 2019, up 45% (930,000 b/d) from 2018. This growth in U.S. crude oil exports was driven by increasing U.S. crude oil production, expanding domestic infrastructure, and increasing global demand for light, low-sulfur crude oils. The number of destinations for U.S. crude oil exports also increased from 41 to 44. Canada received the largest share of U.S. crude oil exports at 459,000 b/d (15%), followed by South Korea at 426,000 b/d (14%).

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