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Natural Gas

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Natural Gas Monthly

Data for December 2019  |  Release Date:   February 28, 2020  |  Next Release:   March 31, 2020   |  full report

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Table of Contentsall tables

Tables
1 Summary of natural gas supply and disposition in the United States, 2014-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
2 Natural gas consumption in the United States, 2014-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
3 Selected national average natural gas prices, 2014-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
4 U.S. natural gas imports, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
5 U.S. natural gas exports, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
6 Gross withdrawals of natural gas in selected states and the Federal Gulf of Mexico, 2014-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
7 Marketed production of natural gas in selected states and the Federal Gulf of Mexico, 2014-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
8 Underground natural gas storage – all operators, 2014-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
9 Underground natural gas storage by season, 2018-2020 XLS PDF CSV  
10 Underground natural gas storage – salt cavern storage fields, 2014-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
11 Underground natural gas storage – storage fields other than salt caverns, 2014-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
12 Net withdrawals from underground storage, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
13 Activities of underground natural gas storage operators, by state, December 2019   PDF CSV  
14 Natural gas deliveries to residential consumers, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
15 Natural gas deliveries to commercial consumers, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
16 Natural gas deliveries to industrial consumers, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
17 Natural gas deliveries to electric power consumers, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
18 Natural gas deliveries to all consumers, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
19 Average citygate price, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
20 Average price of natural gas sold to residential consumers, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
21 Average price of natural gas sold to commercial consumers, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
22 Average price of natural gas sold to industrial consumers, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
23 Average price of natural gas sold to electric power consumers, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
24 Percentage of total deliveries included in residential, commercial, and industrial prices, by state, 2017-2019   PDF CSV  
25 Heating value of natural gas consumed, by state, 2017-2019 XLS PDF CSV  
26 Natural gas home customer-weighted heating degree days (January 2020 data)   PDF CSV  
Figures
1 Production, consumption, and net imports of natural gas in the United States, 2016-2019   PDF
2 Natural gas deliveries to consumers in the United States, 2016-2019   PDF
3 Average citygate and consumer price of natural gas in the United States, 2016-2019   PDF
4 Spot prices of natural gas and natural gas plant liquids in the United States, 2016-2019   PDF
5 Working gas in underground natural gas storage in the United States, 2016-2019   PDF
6 Percentage of total deliveries included in residential, commercial, and industrial price estimates, 2016-2019   PDF
Appendices
A Explanatory notes   PDF
A1 Methodology for most recent monthly natural gas supply and disposition data of Tables 1 and 2   PDF
B Data sources   PDF
C Statistical considerations   PDF
C1 Standard error for natural gas deliveries and price to consumers by state, December 2019   PDF CSV
Natural Gas Monthly Glossary   PDF
  Common abbreviations used in the Natural Gas Monthly   PDF
Volume Comparison
A volume comparison of residential and commercial consumption calculated with two methodologies.

Natural Gas Monthly Contacts

Highlights




figure data

December 2019

  • In December 2019, for the 32nd consecutive month, dry natural gas production increased year to year for the month. The preliminary level for dry natural gas production in December 2019 was 2,977 billion cubic feet (Bcf), or 96.0 Bcf/d. This level was 7.3 Bcf/d (8.2%) higher than the December 2018 level of 88.7 Bcf/d. The average daily rate of dry production was the highest for the month since EIA began tracking monthly dry production in 1997.
  • The estimated natural gas consumption in December 2019 was 3,139 Bcf, or 101.3 Bcf/d. This level was 4.7 Bcf/d (4.9%) higher than the 96.5 Bcf/d consumed in December 2018. Natural gas consumption for December was the highest for the month since 2001, when EIA began using the current definitions for consuming sectors.
  • Year-over-year total consumption of dry natural gas in December 2019 decreased in two of the four consuming sectors and increased in the other two. Deliveries of natural gas by consuming sector in December 2019 were:
    • Residential deliveries: 751 Bcf for the month, or 24.2 Bcf/d
      • Down 1.8% compared with 24.7 Bcf/d in December 2018. Residential deliveries were the lowest for the month since 2015.
    • Commercial deliveries: 456 Bcf for the month, or 14.7 Bcf/d
    • • Down 0.7% compared with 14.8 Bcf/d in December 2018. Commercial deliveries were the lowest for the month since 2015.
    • Industrial deliveries: 776 Bcf for the month, or 25.0 Bcf/d
    • • Up 1.6% compared with 24.6 Bcf/d in December 2018. Industrial deliveries were the highest for the month since EIA began using the current definitions for consuming sectors in 2001.
    • Electric power deliveries: 897 Bcf for the month, or 28.9 Bcf/d
    • • Up 17.7% compared with 24.6 Bcf/d in December 2018. Electric power deliveries were the highest for the month since EIA began using the current definitions for consuming sectors in 2001.
  • Net natural gas imports (imports minus exports) were -225 Bcf, or -7.3 Bcf/d, in December 2019, making the United States a net exporter. Natural gas imports and exports in December 2019 were:
    • Total imports: 256 Bcf for the month, or 8.25 Bcf/d
      • Down 0.5% compared with 8.30 Bcf/d in December 2018.
    • Total exports: 481 Bcf for the month, or 15.5 Bcf/d
    • • Up 32.5% compared with 11.7 Bcf/d in December 2018. Natural gas exports were the highest for any month since EIA began tracking monthly exports in 1973. Liquefied natural gas (LNG) continues to drive the year-on-year increase in exports. LNG exports in December 2019 were 78.9% higher than in December 2018. In December 2019, the United States exported 7.1 Bcf/d of LNG to 24 countries. LNG exports were the highest for any month since EIA began tracking them in 1997.
  • The February 2020 Natural Gas Monthly includes revisions to November 2019 data for natural gas deliveries to residential, commercial, and industrial consumers:
    • The revisions increase U.S. consumption of natural gas in November 2019 by 55 billion cubic feet (Bcf) and decrease in absolute terms the November 2019 balancing item to ‐78 Bcf.
    • EIA underreported November 2019 natural gas consumption by 2% because of a processing error related to reported volumes of natural gas send-out. See “Estimation Procedures” in Appendix C for additional information.
    • These changes are reflected in NGM Tables 1, 2, 14, 15, 16, and 18, and the revised data are designated with an R.

 

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